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Anuncio de los artículos posteados en: Enero 2016

En292016

separation

How can I avoid divorce?


prevent - Divorce is a traumatic experience for all concerned. Have you truly tried everything you could to keep your marriage together?


Do you think you are at the point of wanting a divorce? I was, how do you know if its time to throw in the towel and file? Or can I save my marriage.


At one time you really loved your spouse and shared many happy and joyful times together. What happened? This web site was created to share my experiences and to help people who are in a troubled marriage find hope and guidance and hopefully help them avoid divorce.

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En282016

Precisely what are Solar power panels?

military - The sun's rays could be the primary energy source in the world and sunlight might be converted directly into electricity using solar panel systems. Electricity has grown to be indispensable in daily life. It powers the machines that a lot of us use daily.


So, what are solar panel systems? Imagine if you could make your own personal?


In this article, we're going to explain to you an easy technique of building your individual functional solar panel.


The constituents


A solar panel is generally manufactured from six (6) components namely the PV (photovoltaic) cell or solar panel which generates the electricity, the glass which provides coverage for and protects the solar cells, the frame which offers rigidity, the backsheet the place that the solar cells are laid, the junction box in which the wirings are enclosed and connected, as well as the encapsulant which serves as adhesives.


As most people doesn't have access to equipment in manufacturing solar power panels, it is very important note and understand those six components in order for anyone to have the ability to plan materials necessary to develop a do-it-yourself or home-made cell.


The types of materials needed on the way to create a solar panel have to be for sale locally or on the internet and shouldn't exceed the cost of a brand new cell or will not take a long time to create.


1.) PV Cell


One thing to consider when building your own personal solar panel is the solar panel.


Photovoltaic (PV) cell or solar panel converts visible light into electricity. One (1) solar cell however is just not enough to make a usable amount of electricity much like the microbot in Baymax (Hero 6) which only becomes useful when combined like a group. This basic unit generates a DC (household power) voltage of 0.5 one volt and although this is reasonable, the voltage continues to be too small for most applications. To create a useful DC voltage, the solar panels are connected in series and then encapsulated in modules making the screen. If an individual cell generates 0.5 volt and it is associated with another cell in series, these two cells should then be able to produce 1 volt and so they can then be referred to as a module. A standard module usually is made up of 28 to 36 cells in series. A 28-cell module should be able to produce roughly 14 volts (28 x 0.5 = 14VDC) that's enough to charge a 12V battery or power 12V devices.


Connecting a couple of cells require that you've a basic knowledge of series and parallel connection which is similar to connecting batteries to create up battery power storage system.


There's two most popular solar cells that are being sold in the market; a monocrystalline cell plus a polycrystalline cell. These can have exactly the same size, 156mm x 156mm, however the main difference would be efficiency. It is important to purchase additional cells to serve as backup in the event you fail on some of the cells i.e. bad solder, broken cell, scratched, etc.


Monocrystalline cells are generally black and octagonal in form. This type of solar cell is constructed of the very best and purest grade silicon causing them to be expensive. However they are the best of all types of cells and they are more often than not the choice of solar contractors when space is a vital the answer to consider in having this power they would like to attain based on their solar system design.


Polycrystalline PV Cells are seen as a their bluish color and rectangular shape. These cells are made in the much easier process which lowers the purity with the silicon content plus lowers the efficiency in the product.


Generally, monocrystalline cells will be more efficient than polycrystalline cells however this does not always mean that monocrystalline cells perform and outputs more power than polycrystalline cells. Solar panel efficiency has connected with the size of cellular structure and every screen or cells have an efficiency rating according to standard tests after they were manufactured. This rating is usually in percentage as well as the common values cover anything from 15% to 20%.


2.) Glass


The glass protects the Solar cells while allowing optimal sunlight to feed. These are usually created from anti-reflective materials. Tempered glass could be the choice of material nowadays even for unknown and new manufacturers although there continue to be those that utilize flat plate glass on his or her solar power systems. Tempered glass are made by chemical or thermal means and is also often times stronger than plate glass making it more expensive to generate nevertheless the price of manufacturing them today is affordable and cost-effective. Flat plate glass creates sharp and long shards when broken in contrast to tempered glass which shatters safely in small pieces upon impact, for this reason in addition they refer to it safety glass. It needs to be noted here that a majority of amorphous solar panel systems uses flat plate glass with the way the panel is made.


Tempered glass is the thing that manufacturers use within mass producing their solar panels. Inside our DIY project, we recommend to work with Plexiglas otherwise known as acrylic glass that is safer as opposed to regular normal glass out of your local shop. It's kind of expensive than regular glass but is weather resistant and does not break easily. The Plexiglas may also be screwed or glued easily for the frame.


3.) Frame


A frame is generally manufactured from anodized aluminum which supplies structure and rigidity to the solar module. These aluminum frames may also be designed to be compatible with most solar mounting systems and grounding equipment for simple and safe installation over a roof or in the grass.


The frame in a factory-built cell is often the aluminum part where all four sides of the screen sheet are inserted. Consider it as a skeletal rectangular frame. The solar panel sheet in addition is made up of the opposite 4 components and therefore are layered and laminated within the following order completely; the tempered glass, top encapsulant, the cells, bottom encapsulant, then the backsheet. Inside our DIY screen, we are using a wooden frame and also the end-result can be something analogous with a picture frame the place that the picture is the solar cells glued into a non-conductive board, the glass for the Plexiglas top cover, and also the wooden part since the frame and backsheet.


4.) Backsheet


The backsheet is the layer of plastic film about the back surface of the module. Here is the only layer protecting the module from unsafe DC voltage. The principle purpose of the backsheet is always to insulate and protect the handler from shock and offer the safest, efficient, and dependable electrical conductivity possible.


The backsheet is a wooden plywood where the frame is going to be screwed on the top and also on the perimeters. It ought to be noted here that the perforated hardboard (Pegboard) will likely be used to place and align the PV Cells which Pegboard will sit on the top of wooden backsheet and fitted inside the wooden frame.


5.) Junction Box


The junction box is when the terminal wires and bypass diodes can be found and concealed. The terminal wires are simply the bad and the good wires in line with the series connections from the PV Cells and can be attached to another screen, a charge controller, a battery system, as well as to an inverter, with respect to the system design. The bypass diode can be a protective mechanism that prevent power from returning to the screen if it's not producing electricity like the situation when it's nighttime.


You can find junction boxes made for factory-built solar panel systems which might be available today to acquire online especially from China. If you are not tight on time, you can order web wait for an delivery or else you can easily buy a regular electrical junction box from a local hardware store. The objective of the junction box would be to protect the terminals (positive and negative terminals) from water, dust, as well as other elements. This can be the place that the two wires (red for positive and black for negative) will be originating from. Another end present in wires can also be protected by utilizing a PV accessory called MC4 which may be purchased online together with the PV junction box.


6.) Encapsulant


Encapsulant sheets prevent water and dirt from infiltrating the solar modules and serve as shock-absorbers that protect the Solar cells. They have got this adhesive bonding capability to the glass, the PV cells, along with the backsheet much like a glue but stronger. Encapsulants are usually created from Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate or EVA and therefore are applied using lamination machines and procedures. Cell manufacturers utilize a vacuum along with a large oven to seal and cure the EVA sheet on top of the solar panel systems. Many of us would not have the power to do that but some still need tried without success while some had varying numbers of success.


Encapsulants are thin plastic sheets that are usually laminated in the top and bottom areas of the solar cell sheet. The lower encapsulant will be the layer over the backsheet the location where the cells are in reality placed and supported. Inside our project, we'll instead work with a latex acrylic paint. This paint will never be used on the solar cells because when attempted, will not lead to an identical distribution or using the liquid towards the top of the cells which can degrade performance. The paint will likely be used on the wooden frame, wooden backsheet, also to the Pegboard. This Latex Acrylic paint can protect the wooden parts from Ultra violet rays and may better resist blistering and cracking overtime. This paint, although water-soluble, can dry quickly and becomes water-resistant.

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En282016

dragon tattoos

dragon tattoos - In ancient caverns, archeologists have found drawings of dragons. This draw for the dragon has carried on definitely the most requested tat design, till the present day making dragon tattoo designs. If you're intending to get a dragon tattoos

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En272016

dragon tattoo designs

tatoos - In ancient caverns, archeologists have found drawings of dragons. This draw for the dragon has carried on definitely the most requested tat design, till the present day making dragon tattoo designs. If you're intending to get a dragon tattoos

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En272016

Motivated To Lose Weight

essential method to lose weight - kiz.ro - Best information to lose weight. Information from our website was tested.


Try to lose weight free and natural. You found here a lot secrets. Good luck!!!

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